Such multilateral agreements are necessary because of the heavy traffic in the Indian Ocean, which cannot be totally controlled by any nation. India has signed white maritime agreements with several countries, including the United States and Singapore, and is working to reach a similar agreement with more countries as part of its ongoing efforts to develop an effective regional MDA. The agreement aims to exchange data by… White navigation involves the exchange and exchange of prior information on non-military merchant ships related to identity and ships. There is a specific color code for ships. white is the color code for merchant ships, gray is the color for military ships and illegal ships are coded as black. The agreement provides for the reciprocal exchange of data on white ships. The Indian Navy`s Centre for Information Management and Analysis (Gurgaon) is the model centre for white maritime agreements. As the whole world is connected by the ocean, this is a security threat because everyone can move from one place to another. Hence information on the identity of the ships needed to deal with a possible maritime threat. Indeed, the 26/11 Mumbai attack is a classic case of lack of information exchange and, therefore, mismanagement of the case.
Based on the exchange of information by white navigation, the Indian navy works with other authorities such as the Coast Guard and Customs on the maritime domain Awareness (MDA). This contributes to better surveillance and thus enhances maritime security. To develop a well-known regional maritime zone, India has signed white navigation agreements with various nations such as the United States and Singapore, France and Israel. It will therefore be useful to obtain in advance information on the objective of the ship, its planned route, etc., in order to achieve an effective awareness of the maritime areas so that illegal vessels can be properly identified. The world`s seas are connected to each other and ships can regularly sail around the globe to search for cargo. For example, a ship that is now in Indian waters may be able to sail to a distant destination and, in the same way, sail from ports around the world to India. Advance information about the vessel, its destination and planned itinerary, etc., is therefore extremely useful in collecting an effective MDA, as it can then be correctly identified during check-in. This information will probably be available with the country from which it is sailing.