The withdrawal agreement protects the rights of British nationals and their family members living in EU countries. This Europe-Webinar MPI examines the impact of government implementation plans on the COVID-19 withdrawal agreement and the potential impact on citizens` rights at the end of the transition period and beyond. Which population groups are most at risk of being left at the interface between Brexit and the pandemic? What emergency measures could reduce these security vulnerabilities and keep the implementation schedule on track? How can governments establish intelligent contacts with groups that may have immediate or increasingly isolated health and economic problems, either within the country or abroad? How can EU governments waste time learning from the UK`s EU resolution programme and other regularisation programmes to start implementing the withdrawal agreement before January 2021? And what measures and investments are needed after registration, such as monitoring. B of the ability of British and EU citizens to access rights, as stipulated in the withdrawal agreement? It also protects family members who are granted rights under EU law (for example. B, current spouses and registered partners, parents, grandparents, children, grandchildren and a person in an existing permanent relationship) to join their family member in the future. If you have lived less than 5 years in your EU country, you can stay as long as you meet one of the living conditions. There are exceptions (for example.B. you may have a short period of unemployment and are always insured as a “worker”). You must spend at least 6 months in your EU country over a period of 12 months to retain your right of residence. Those who are protected by the withdrawal agreement and who have not yet acquired a right of permanent residence – if they have not lived in the host state for at least five years – are fully protected by the withdrawal agreement and can continue to reside in the host state and acquire permanent residence rights in the host state even after the UK`s withdrawal from the EU.
The text of the Citizens` Rights Withdrawal Agreement is very precise, so it can be invoked directly by EU citizens in British courts and by British citizens in the courts of the Member States. Not all national legislation that is compatible with the provisions of the withdrawal agreement should be enforced. See also the brief summary of citizens` rights for British nationals. The implementation and application of citizens` rights in the EU is monitored by the Commission in accordance with the EU treaties. Courts in the United Kingdom may ask the European Court of Justice, for a period of eight years after the end of the transition period, provisional questions about the interpretation of the part of the withdrawal agreement for citizens. For application issues for the United Kingdom, the status of this eight-year period began on 30 March 2019. For the most part, EU citizens and British citizens fulfil these conditions: the withdrawal agreement guarantees these citizens and their family members the same rights as they do today: they can continue to live, study, work and travel freely between the UK and the EU. A detailed guide to citizens` rights of the withdrawal agreement can be provided in the citizens` rights explanatory. You can also fully consult the text of the withdrawal agreement. According to current information, British and European citizens will not need a 90-day short-stay visa on the territory of the other country from 1 January 2021, for a maximum of 90 days.