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If interest rates are positive, the pf redemption price should be higher than the original PN selling price. If the Fed wants to tighten the money supply, hungry for liquidity, it sells the bonds to commercial banks through a pension purchase contract or a brief repot. They will then buy back the securities through a reverse pension and return money to the system. “What are the near and far legs in a buyout contract?” Access on August 14, 2020. Beginning in late 2008, the Fed and other regulators adopted new rules to address these and other concerns. One consequence of these rules was to increase pressure on banks to maintain their safest assets, such as Treasuries. They are encouraged not to borrow them through boarding agreements. According to Bloomberg, the impact of the regulation was significant: at the end of 2008, the estimated value of the world securities borrowed was nearly $4 trillion. But since then, that number has been close to $2 trillion. In addition, the Fed has increasingly entered into pension (or self-repurchase) agreements to compensate for temporary fluctuations in bank reserves. Treasury bills or government bonds, corporate bonds and treasury bills, and government bonds and equities can all be used as “guarantees” in a renuvene transaction. However, unlike a secured loan, the right to securities is transferred from the seller to the buyer.

Coupons (interest payable to the owner of the securities) that mature while the pension buyer owns the securities are usually passed directly on the seller of securities. This may seem counter-intuitive, given that the legal ownership of the guarantees during the pension agreement belongs to the purchaser. Rather, the agreement could provide that the buyer will receive the coupon, with the money to be paid in the event of a buyback being adjusted as compensation, although this is rather typical of the sale/buyback. Since the advent of COVID-19, the Fed has significantly increased the volume of its repo operations in order to bring money to money markets. The Fed facility provides primary traders with liquidity in exchange for cash and other government-guaranteed securities. Before the coronavirus turmoil was put on the market, the Fed offered $100 billion in overnight pension and $20 billion in two-week repo. On March 9, the company was launched with a deposit of $175 billion over two weeks and $45 billion in two weeks of repo. On March 12, the Fed announced a huge expansion. It is now on a weekly basis offering much longer terms: $500 billion for a pension month and $500 billion for three months.

On March 17, at least for a period, it also greatly increased the night pension offered. The Fed said the liquidity transactions were aimed at “addressing very unusual disruptions in financial treasury markets related to the emergence of coronavirus.” In short, the Fed is now ready to lend the markets an essentially unlimited money supply, and the reception has fallen well below the amounts offered. In its simplest form, a repurchase agreement is a secured loan that involves a contractual agreement between two parties, committing to sell a guarantee at a specified price, with the obligation to later repurchase the guarantee at another price. In essence, a repurchase agreement is similar to a short-term loan with interest against certain security. Both parties, the borrower and the lender, are able to meet their financing and guaranteed liquidity objectives. Since a repurchase agreement is a method of selling/buying back loans, the seller acts as a borrower and the buyer as a lender. The guarantee refers to securities sold, which are usually from the government. Pension loans provide rapid liquidity. The cash paid on the initial sale of securities and the money paid at the time of the repurchase depend on the value and type of security associated with the pension.