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www.socialstudiesforkids.com/articles/ushistory/pilgrims1.htm 5. Final vote. Decide whether the adoption of the pact should require unanimous approval, a two-thirds majority or a simple majority. After the vote on the Mayflower II Pact, everyone who agrees should sign it. Immediately after approving the Mayflower Pact, the signatories elected John Carver (one of the pilgrimage guides) as governor of their colony. They called it Plymouth Plantation. When Governor Carver died in less than a year, William Bradford replaced him at the age of 31. Each following year, the Civil Body Politic, composed of all adult men except staff, met to elect the governor and a small number of assistants. Bradford was re-elected 30 times between 1621 and 1656. In the early years, Governor Bradford decided exactly how the colony should be managed. Few people refused his reign of one man. When the colony`s population grew due to immigration, several new cities were born.

The wandering and increasingly dispersed population found it difficult to attend court, as the government meetings in Plymouth were called. Until 1639, deputies were sent to represent each city at the other meetings of the court. Not only self-management, but also representative government had taken root on American soil. The English Magna Carta, written more than 400 years before the Mayflower Pact, established the principle of the rule of law. In England, this still most often meant the king`s law. The Mayflower Pact continued the idea of law made by the people. This idea is at the heart of democracy. From their crude beginnings in Plymouth, autonomy became the municipal assemblies of New England and the great local governments of colonial America.

At the time of the Constitutional Convention, the Mayflower Pact was almost forgotten, but not the powerful idea of self-management. Born out of the distress on the Mayflower, the pact made an essential contribution to the creation of a new democratic nation. The full text of the Mayflower Compact The 102 passengers on the Mayflower were divided into two groups. Only 41 of them were pilgrims– religious dissidents, called separatists, who had fled England for Holland. Now they were looking for a new life in America, where they could practice their religion as they wanted. The rest of the passengers, called “foreigners” by the pilgrims, were traders, craftsmen, skilled workers and agents, as well as several young orphans. Everyone was ordinary. About a third of them were children. After a 65-day sea voyage, the pilgrims made their way to Cape Cod on November 19, 1620.

Having been unable to reach the originally agreed country, they were moored on 21 November at The Place of Provincetown (Collins). . . .