Select Page

The second way in which free trade agreements are seen as public goods is related to the trend towards their “deepening”. The depth of a free trade agreement refers to the additional types of structural policies it covers. While older trade agreements are considered “flatr” because they cover fewer areas (such as tariffs and quotas), recent agreements deal with a number of other areas, from services to e-commerce to data localization. Since transactions between parties to a free trade agreement are relatively cheaper than transactions with non-parties, free trade agreements are traditionally considered excluded. Now that deep trade agreements will improve regulatory harmonization and increase trade flows with non-parties, thereby reducing the exclusionability of the benefits of the FTA, next-generation free trade agreements are taking on essential characteristics of public goods. [19] ITC has developed a database that provides a one-stop shop for the more than 750 trade-related multilateral agreements currently in force around the world. At the country level, the multitude of international agreements makes it difficult for policymakers to decide which treaties should be ratified, which should be ignored, and which have a greater impact on improving the national/regional business environment. The global database includes: The Market Access Card was developed by the International Trade Centre (ITC) with the aim of supporting businesses, governments and researchers in market access. The database, which is visible via the market access card online tool, contains information on tariff and non-tariff barriers in all active trade agreements, not limited to those officially notified to the WTO. It also documents data on non-preferential trade agreements (e.B. Generalised System of Preferences).

By 2019, the Market Access Map has provided downloadable links to textual agreements and their rules of origin. [27] The new version of the Market Access Card, to be published this year, will provide direct web links to relevant contract pages and connect to other CIR tools, in particular the Rules of Origin Facilitator. It is expected to become a versatile tool to help businesses understand free trade agreements and qualify for the original requirements under these agreements. [28] A wide range of statistical indicators are available (e.B. Per capita trade, exports, average customs duties) First, the customs duties and other rules maintained in each of the signatory parties to a free trade area and applicable at the time of the formation of such a free trade area shall not be higher or more restrictive for trade with non-parties to such a free trade area than the corresponding duties and other rules imposed in the same signatory parties before the formation of the free trade area. In other words, the creation of a free trade area to grant preferential treatment to its members is legitimate under WTO law, but parties to a free trade area cannot treat non-parties less favourably than before the creation of the territory. A second requirement of Article XXIV is that tariffs and other barriers to trade must be removed for virtually all trade within the free trade area. [10] Review tariffs, trade assistance measures and regulatory requirements applied by a market to a particular product. Since WTO Members are required to submit their free trade agreements to the Secretariat, this database is based on the most official source of information on free trade agreements (referred to as regional trade agreements in WTO language). The database allows users to obtain information on trade agreements notified to the WTO by country or by theme (goods, services or goods and services). This database provides users with an updated list of all existing agreements, but those that have not been notified to the WTO may be missing. It also displays reports, tables and graphs with statistics on these agreements and, in particular, on the analysis of preferential tariffs.

[26] LegaCarta was designed as part of the United Nations Millennium Development Goal 8, which aims to “further develop an open, rules-based, predictable and non-discriminatory trading and financial system” and includes “a commitment to good governance.” .